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What is Lace Fabric? Unveiling The Secrets of Different Lace Types

lace fabric

Whether you are working with lace for business or pleasure, it’s a beautiful fabric with wonderful possibilities. There is a reason white lace fabric wedding dresses are so expensive; working with lace is a time-consuming process that requires skill and dedication. It is highly labor-intensive, with couture sewing techniques applied to the construction. But the end results are completely worth it.

What is lace fabric?

Making lace fabric is an industry that has been around for centuries. In its most defined form, fabric lace is a beautiful and delicate textile. It has a distinct web-like open construction made from yarn or thread. The most common yarns used in white lace fabric are cotton, silk, and linen. They are looped, braided, and twisted to give lace its unique attributes.

Synthetic yarns are also widely used. In the most common uses, the yarns are dyed white.

What is lace used for?

White lace fabric is perhaps the most well-known and widely used lace. It is a much-loved fabric choice when it comes to wedding dresses, as it adds elegance and refinement and combines traditional values with modern interpretations. White lace is easy to combine with other fabrics, making it versatile and appealing to dressmakers.

White lace fabric is often dyed for fashion and interiors. Black and gray lace fabric are both popular options in the fashion industry. Because of their more somber tones, these lace color options can add edge and attitude to the delicate fabric, creating an intriguing juxtaposition. Black lace fabric fused with a floral construction is a nod to the Gothic fashion trend, which is popular in the fall and winter.

working with lace
White lace fabric

What are the different types of lace fabric?

There are several types of lace. They range in color and in construction, based on where the lace is made. The styles of lace are classified depending on their manufacturing process. These include:

  • Knitted lace – a lace so fine that it can be pulled through an item as small as a wedding ring (hence “wedding ring shawl”)
  • Tape lace – makes the tape in the lace as it is worked; can be made by machine or hand. This is then joined and embellished with needle or bobbin lace
  • Bobbin lace – a lace made with bobbins and a pillow. Chantilly lace is a form of bobbin lace
  • Needle lace – lace made using a needle and thread. Seen as the highest form of lace making
  • Crochet lace – originally considered one of the easiest to make
  • Knotted lace – includes macramé
  • Cutwork – constructed by removing threads from a woven background. The threads that remain are filled with embroidery. Embroidered lace fabric is a popular choice for interiors and fashion.

The history and its origin

Experts often dispute the history of lace and its origins. There is evidence that points to Italian claims of the invention of lace in 1493. However, there is also a Flemish claim from 1485, and it is impossible to say it originated in just one place.

Lace developed rapidly, both in construction and in demand in the late 16th century. The most popular types of lace at this point were needle and bobbin lace. Fashion and interiors were embellished with lace. Clothing details such as collars and cuffs were enhanced with the fabric and were seen as a symbol of wealth and style.

working with black lace fabric
Detail shot of floral black lace fabric

How to work with lace at home

The mesh-like appearance of lace gives the fabric a delicate and feminine aesthetic. It is important to know how to handle lace when working with it.

There is no doubt that lace looks and feels gorgeous. However, to get to the final result takes a LOT of work, and most seamstresses find it the most time-consuming and laborious of fabrics to sew. You need patience and planning. There is a big difference between making lace from scratch, and working with lace. Before you start sewing with lace, make sure you have the right tools on hand.

You will need:

  1. Fine sewing pins
  2. The correct needles. They need to be super sharp and if you are working with stretchy lace fabric, you will also need stretch needles
  3. A sewing machine with the right settings. To sew with lace, you will need a sewing machine that will sew in a zigzag or a serger machine to sew the seams
  4. A full pattern piece – to achieve a seamless look, each pattern piece you use needs to be a full pattern piece. Cut it on a single layer of lace. This is so important, as it allows you to match motifs when planning to cut your lace

Prepare the fabric

We always recommend to pre-wash your lace to get rid of any substances left over from the factory. You should also lay it out on a flat surface so it can stretch and breathe. Try leaving it over night or for several hours, so any wrinkles can relax and fall out.

Once your lace is ready, you need to determine the type of lace fabric you have. Depending on which lace you are working with, you will need to adopt the correct technique for sewing. These are:

  1. Sheer lace – this style of lace is very transparent and it will require a lining
  2. Fully patterned lace – it is possible that this style will need to be partly lined
  3. Stretchy lace fabric – slightly more complex, as this style requires a technique for both the lace and the stretch

The outcome of your project will depend on the style of lace that you choose. Consider the borders of the lace, and how you want to use them to complete the design. Does it have a straight edge or a scalloped edge? This can help turn a sleeve or a hem into something entirely different. It is also important to consider the color of the lining you want to use with your lace, as this will affect the entire look of your project. You always want to enhance the beauty of the lace, never compete with it.

making lace fabric
Making lace fabric. Image sourced from YouTube

What to do with lace fabric?

There are so many different styles, constructs, and colors of lace available, which is what makes it such a versatile textile. Stretchy lace fabric has elastane added to provide additional flexibility. This is a very popular material in the fashion industry. Stretchy lace fabric not only has the traditional aesthetic of fabric lace, but it has comfort and movement, making it an ideal textile to wear.

Some of the most popular uses for fabric lace include:

  • Trimmings
  • Appliques
  • Clothing
  • Wedding dresses
  • Collars
  • Brooches
  • Table cloths
  • Curtains
  • Doilies

How lace is used these days

Lace is a popular fabric for clothing as well as interiors like curtains, drapes, throws, detailing and more. Lace drapery fabric can add distinction, sophistication, and effortless style to your home. When done in the right way, it can also be contemporary and fashionable. Long gone are the days of “old-fashioned” lace curtains.

Working with lace might seem like a traditional concept, but fabric lace truly has its place in the modern world. Fashion and design students are working with this distinct fabric, using it in their creations and catapulting it into contemporary fashion design.

The Sophie Hallette University Design Challenge

Sophie Hallette has been working with internationally renowned colleges around the world for several years. The Challenge pushed fashion and design students to make revolutionary creations using Sophie Hallette lace. 12 finalists work on their own collections, to display them on the final catwalk show.

emily hancock finalist sophie hallette contest
One of the winners of the Sophie Hallette 2017 Challenge, Emily Hancock

Who is Sophie Hallette ?

Renowned lace creators the House of Sophie Hallette have been leaders in lace design and manufacturing for almost 130 years. Used in the original creations of fashion houses from Christian Dior to Pierre Balmain, and worn by female icons such as Marilyn Monroe and Jackie Kennedy, the House of Sophie Hallette continues to be a ground-breaking force in the textile and fashion industry.

New talents

One of the finalists, João Paulo Elias from London College of Fashion, chose to work with Contrado for his final designs for the challenge. João visited us at Contrado HQ and we were able to produce stunning digital prints on his lace to complement his incredible designs.

joao elias london college of fashion
João Paulo Elias from London College of Fashion final lace designs

The final pieces for the challenge truly pushed creative boundaries, using lace like never before. Students dyed, embroidered, embellished, and colored lace and other fabrics. Silhouettes were dramatic yet wearable, with collections for men and women.

The final collections truly showed the future of lace. No longer simply a traditional fabric, but one brimming with modernity and style. One which has earned its place in fashion history and will continue to push its boundaries for seasons to come.

Does working with lace intrigue you? Feel the difference between different types of laces and explore over a hundred other materials with your very own fabric swatch pack. Get to know the texture, strength, and finish of the fabrics with a hands-on approach.

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