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The Actual Definition of Textile & Its Surprising Difference from Fabric

definition of textile

If you work in the fashion industry, chances are you work with textiles almost constantly. Whether you’re shopping for, printing on, or working with textiles, they never seem to differ much from any fabric you’ve worked with. Ever wonder why this is? And if they’re truly the same thing, what’s the definition of a textile and how is it different from fabric?

As it turns out, textiles have many uses outside of the fashion world. Aside from the obvious— clothing, bags, home decor, and so on— textiles are an important part of the medical field, toy manufacturing, weaponry, agriculture, and other unexpected fields. If you’re wondering what’s the difference between textiles and fabric, the answer is a lot more specific than you’d think.

What is the definition of textile?

definition of textile

To discern the vital differences between textiles and fabric, the term ‘textile’ must be clearly defined. The definition of textile is any material made of interlacing fibers, including carpet and geotextiles. Any woven or knitted fabric is a textile. What every textile has in common is that it’s made from textile fiber.

What is a textile fiber?

textile fiber

Products of textile fiber include yarn, thread, natural silk, rayon, chemical fiber short-hair silk, elastic silk, and metal wire. Textiles are created by processing, weaving or knitting these materials. These can create typically manufactured goods, such as clothing, accessories, gloves, hats, and blankets, or any type of plastic, industrial, natural fur, agricultural or medical fabric. This means that beyond the world of fashion, textiles comprise of any woven or knitted material for any use.

Specialized use of textiles

definition of textile

One example of specialized use of textiles are geotextiles, a permeable fabric that separates, filters, reinforces, protects or drains soil. Geotextiles are commonly used to improve the soil where structures, roads, or pipelines are built. These textiles have various types of material like open-mesh, warp-knitted, and non-woven textiles.

Another example is medical dressings and bandages, which are classified as medical textiles, or healthcare textiles. These textiles are more specifically used in the medical field for first aid, clinical or hygienic purposes and rehabilitation. Medical textiles must have specific qualities to be useful in the field such as biocompatible, good resistance to alkalis, absorption, and repellence, among others.

specialized use of textile

You can categorize agrotextiles, automotive textiles and other specialized textiles by their industry-specific usage. While they may consist of similar components, their use is vastly different. For this reason, you categorize textiles by industry, not components.

Classifying Textile Fibers

definition of textile

Textile fibers can be classified using 3 different methods: by structure, utility, and production of the textiles.

The first classification of textile fibers is according to the structure, the materials, processing technology, texture, appearance and main use of textiles which can be divided further into 14 different categories.

The second classification method is by the use of textiles, divided into clothing textiles, decorative textiles, and industrial textiles.

Lastly, textiles can be classified according to its production, into line, belt, chenille, woven fabric, textile cloth, and more. These various methods help to distinguish the specific fibers needed for a certain product.

If that’s a textile, then what’s the definition of fabric?

definition of fabric

A flat-film mass consisting of fine-soft objects connected by intersecting, winding and joining describes the definition of fabric. Sounds pretty much like a textile, right? Surprisingly, fabrics have even broader use than textiles.

Fabrics cover all woven and knitted materials, but they include non-woven materials, too. Fabrics made of yarns connect to each other with an intersecting and winding relationship. Meaning, fabrics with a more unique style of connecting exist outside the definition of a textile.

Common examples of nonwoven fabric include teabag paper, face cloths, synthetic fiber paper and shingling.

How to connect fabric besides weaving and knitting?

connect fabric besides weaving

Excellent question! When you spread, bond, braid, felt, twist or crochet a material, it’s a fabric, not a textile. Essentially, many twists and braids form a fabric through the amount of material connected.

In further production, fabrics make goods like garments, bed sheets, blankets, carpets, curtains, drapes, and much more. Textiles, on the other hand, often have a use on their own.

Textile vs. Fabric

definition of textile

The question of textile vs fabric has little to do with their definitions and more to do with their production and usage. Textiles stand alone as an unfinished product, or they can combine with other materials to create something different.

Fabric is mainly an “ingredient” mixed with other materials, creating the finished product. If there is no strict quality test in the production process for the textile, we can’t imagine what our life will look like. Fabric testing is only one aspect of textile testing. Above all, it’s the most common and important link for testing textile quality.

Fabric testing is crucial to assessing the performance of textiles to ensure the quality of the product is exactly what you pay for. This testing is crucial to understanding the end result of the product and its quality.

In summary, what is the difference between fabric and textiles?

Fabric, Silk, Gold, Bright, Cloth, Tissue, Substances

You can see textiles everywhere, from fiber to yarn, from cloth to clothing, from medical treatment to various industries. They range from fibers woven together to a finished product, ready for use. In addition, fabric is still under the textile umbrella. So in other words, you can make fabric and textiles from the same materials.

To summarize, not all textiles are fabric, while all fabric is a textile.

Interested in finding even more textiles and fabrics? Good news: we have them both, and so much more. Click below to check out our full range with examples!

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