Types of Fabric Material
Each project requires different types of fabric. From soft, and stretchy jersey fabric material, and natural types of silk, to organic types of cotton fabric and types of canvas fabric, the right textile can make all the difference.
Choose your fabric by carefully researching its characteristics and uses depending on your specific project. When working on your DIY project, such as upholstery, clothing, accessories, or furnishings, these questions will help you determine which types of fabric will be right for you:
Keep in mind where you want to use it, who it is for/what room is it for, what the conditions will be like, how you want it to look and feel, and what you want the finished result to be. This will help you to weed out fabric material types that aren't suitable for your project and instead focus on the different types of fabric that will work.
Choose the right fiber, weight, and construction from Contrado’s extensive list of 124 fabrics. Ensure you always have the perfect textile for your project. If you want to see all Contrado’s custom fabric collection, order our Fabric Swatch Pack.
Fabric is made from fibers and there are three main categories that separate the types of fabrics based off the fibers used to manufacture the fabric.
1. Natural Fibers
Natural fibers are made from plants and include cotton, linen, silk, and wool. These fabrics are breathable, absorbent, and comfortable to wear. They are also environmentally friendly, as they are biodegradable and can be grown without the use of harsh chemicals.
2. Synthetic Fibers
Synthetic fibers are made from chemical compounds and include polyester, nylon, and acrylic. These fabrics are strong, durable, and easy to care for. They are also often less expensive than natural fibers.
Blended fabrics are made from a combination of natural and synthetic fibers. These fabrics offer the best of both worlds, combining the natural properties of natural fibers with the durability and easy care of synthetic fibers. Kinds of blended fabrics type include cotton-polyester, linen-rayon, and wool-acrylic.
Different Types of Fabrics with Names
There are many different types of fabrics available to choose from. When selecting fabrics, it is important to consider the properties of different types of fabrics, as well as their intended use and care requirements. We love fabrics and spend a lot of time selecting them for you.
Here is a list of some common types of fabrics your can buy here and their uses:
1. Cotton - versatile fabric commonly used for clothing, bedding, and home decor.
2. Linen - strong and durable fabric often used for tablecloths, napkins, and clothing.
3. Silk - luxurious fabric used for formal wear and decorative items.
4. Wool - warm fabric often used for winter clothing and blankets.
5. Polyester - a synthetic fabric commonly used for sportswear and outdoor clothing.
6. Satin - a smooth and shiny fabric used for formal wear, lingerie, and home decor.
7. Twill - a type of fabric with a diagonal pattern, often used for pants, jackets and workwear.
8. Velvet - a plush fabric with a short pile, used for clothing and furnishings.
9. Canvas - Canvas fabric is a heavy-duty, plain-woven cotton or cotton-polyester blend fabric that is known for its durability and strength.
10. Jersey - Jersey fabric is a knit fabric that is made from natural or synthetic fibers, such as cotton, wool, or polyester.
11. Viscose - Viscose fabric is a type of rayon, which is a man-made cellulosic fiber. It is made from wood pulp, primarily from trees such as pine and spruce, which is chemically processed to form a fiber that is similar in appearance and feel to cotton or silk.
12. Rayon - a synthetic fabric that is soft and absorbent, often used for clothing and home decor.
13. Neoprene - Neoprene fabric is a synthetic rubber material that is commonly used in a variety of applications such as wetsuits, laptop sleeves, and protective gear.
14. Lycra - Lycra is a brand name for a type of spandex, which is a synthetic elastane fiber.
15. Lace - a delicate fabric made from cotton, nylon, or polyester, used for decoration and clothing.
16. Organza - a sheer, stiff fabric used for veils and evening wear.
17. Crepe - a lightweight fabric with a crinkled surface, often used for blouses and dresses.
18. Flannel - a soft, warm fabric often used for pajamas and shirts.
Please note that this list does not include all types of fabrics and there are many other types of fabrics that exist and may have specific usage in specific industries.